July 21, 2023


Categories: Electric Vehicles

Using GIS Data for Informing EV Public Policy And EV Adoption

Electric vehicles (EVs) have gained traction in recent years as a clean, energy-efficient alternative to traditional gasoline-powered vehicles. Governments and private organisations are investing in EV infrastructure as an environmentally friendly, cost-effective transport alternative.

With GIS data, we get useful insights about distribution of EV charging stations, patterns of EV use, and growth opportunities. This plays a crucial role in informing EV public policy and EV adoption.  

An Overview of EV Infrastructure and Usage

GIS data provides a comprehensive picture of EV infrastructure and usage landscape. With the growth of GIS technology, we are able to gain crucial information about EV usage. The data collected by GIS systems help –

  1. Identify areas where additional charging stations are needed
  2. Prioritise locations for new charging stations
  3. Determine the most cost-effective and efficient way to deploy these resources
  4. Highlight geographic disparities in access to charging infrastructure

Thus, by mapping the distribution of EVs and charging stations, GIS data can inform policy decisions that encourage widespread Electric Vehicle usage.

For example, the California Energy Commission (CEC) used GIS data for EV infrastructure planning. It uses GIS to identify areas in the state with high EV concentrations and determine the best locations for new charging stations.

The CEC also utilised GIS data to assess the impact of existing charging station deployments and plan for future growth, including developing fast charging networks along major highways.

How GIS Data Helps Form EV Public Policy

  • Enhancing Public Awareness and Education

GIS data can also increase public awareness and education about EVs and their benefits.

GIS helps in visualising data on the growth of the EV market, the number of charging stations, and patterns of EV use. This data can provide a clear and compelling picture of the impact of EVs on the environment and the economy. 

With these EV statistics, government can educate the public on EVs’ benefits and encourage widespread adoption.

For example, the Alternative Fuels Data Center of the United States Department of Energy has created an online map detailing charging station locations, availability, and equipment. This map is an excellent resource for educating the public about charging infrastructure availability and EVs’ benefits.

  • Informing Government Incentives and Regulations

GIS data can also inform government incentives and regulations to promote EV adoption.

GIS data provides data on the accessibility and usage of EV charging infrastructure by mapping the distribution of EV charging stations. This helps policymakers identify areas where incentives and regulations are needed to encourage EV adoption.

For example, some states have established tax credits, other incentives for purchasing EVs, and mandates for the deployment of charging stations in specific locations.


GIS data can support EV infrastructure planning, increase public awareness and education, and inform government incentives and regulations to promote EV adoption by mapping this information.

As the market for EVs continues to grow, the importance of GIS data in shaping public policy around EV infrastructure and adoption will only continue to increase.